Definition & Facts of Interstitial Cystitis

In this part:

What is IC?

Interstitial cystitis (IC), also termed bladder pain syndrome, is a serious, or extensive-lasting, issue that triggers painful urinary indicators. Symptoms of IC could be distinct from man or woman to human being. For case in point, some men and women come to feel delicate soreness, tension, or tenderness in the pelvic region. Other men and women may perhaps have intensive soreness in the bladder or struggle with urinary urgency, the sudden need to have to urinate, or frequency, the require to urinate much more often.

Well being care pros diagnose IC by ruling out other situations with comparable signs and symptoms.

Scientists do not know the exact lead to of IC. Some scientists imagine IC could consequence from circumstances that bring about irritation in a variety of organs and sections of the entire body.

Extreme IC signs can have an effect on your good quality of life. You may truly feel like you just can’t physical exercise or leave your residence since you have to use the bathroom too generally, or possibly your partnership is struggling since sex is unpleasant.

Operating with overall health care industry experts, like a urologist or urogynecologist, together with a soreness expert, may perhaps assistance boost your IC signs and symptoms.

Illustration of the urinary tract and pelvis with close-up cross-sections of the female bladder, urethra, and pelvic floor muscles and the male bladder, prostate, urethra, and pelvic floor muscles.
Interstitial cystitis (IC) can bring about suffering in your bladder and pelvic place.

How popular is IC?

IC is typical. The affliction may well have an effect on amongst 3 million and 8 million gals and between 1 million and 4 million adult men in the United States.1

Who is far more possible to produce IC?

IC can happen at any age, which includes throughout childhood, but is most prevalent in adult girls and adult males. About twice as quite a few girls are influenced as adult men.1 On the other hand, more adult males could battle with IC than researchers originally believed.

Some exploration indicates that gals are much more probable to create IC if they have a historical past of becoming sexually abused or physically traumatized.2

What other well being problems do people today with IC have?

Several girls with IC are a lot more most likely to have other circumstances these as irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and continual exhaustion syndrome.3 Allergies and some autoimmune diseases are also connected with IC.4

Vulvodynia, which is continual pain in the vulva that often will cause a burning or stinging experience, or rawness, is typically involved with IC.2 Vulvodynia has signs and symptoms that overlap with IC.

What are the problems of IC?

The symptoms of IC—such as urgency, frequency, and pain—may direct you to lessen your actual physical and social exercise and negatively influence your top quality of lifestyle.

Gals with pelvic soreness or vulvodynia frequently have pain throughout sexual intercourse, which can harm your associations and self-graphic. Adult men also can encounter pelvic discomfort that triggers uncomfortable or agonizing sex. From time to time sex can improve bladder soreness attacks, also referred to as symptom flares.

Sexual complications could result in people to keep away from even more intimacy, possibly top to melancholy and guilt. Like several people who deal with serious ache, persons with IC are additional likely to struggle with snooze loss owing to the recurrent will need to urinate, and with anxiousness and depression.5

Professional medical assessments this sort of as pelvic tests and Pap checks usually are agonizing for women with IC signs, in particular individuals who could have pelvic floor muscle mass spasm. Don’t stay clear of these checks. Communicate with a well being care skilled about how to make pelvic exams and Pap tests more comfortable and how normally you ought to have them.