two photos of women of different hair-types, both having their hair straightened with flat irons


If you come to a decision that you want to make your hair a lot less frizzy or straighter, you may well pick out to go to a specialist stylist at a hair salon for a hair straightening or smoothing service. Most hair smoothing or straightening goods release formaldehyde gasoline, a acknowledged human carcinogen as classified by the International Company for Research on Most cancers, into the air for the duration of the hair straightening or smoothing course of action. Formaldehyde exposure can bring about each shorter- and long-phrase results that may well influence your health and fitness.

This site supplies information and facts about: 

What Transpires For the duration of the Hair Smoothing System? 

Your stylist normally applies a hair straightening or smoothing answer to your hair and follows it with a warmth processing step—typically done with a flat iron machine that seals the alternative into the strands of the hair. When the resolution is heated, the formaldehyde in the item is launched into the air as a gasoline. If the salon is not thoroughly ventilated, you, your stylist, and some others in the salon are at chance of inhaling the introduced formaldehyde.

Why Exposure to Formaldehyde is Hazardous

When formaldehyde is unveiled into the air and is current in the air at ranges exceeding .1 ppm, it can result in significant irritation of your eyes, nose, and lungs. It can also induce skin sensitivity or allergic dermatitis.

Formaldehyde Exposure: Possible Quick-and Extensive-Expression Results

The larger the exposure to solutions that include formaldehyde in conditions of equally length of time and concentration, the larger the potential health and fitness pitfalls. Persons who have professional formaldehyde publicity have described reactions such as eye complications or irritation, anxious process difficulties (for example, headaches and dizziness), respiratory tract problems (sore or scratchy throat, cough, wheezing), nausea, chest soreness, vomiting, and rashes. Continual results involved with formaldehyde can include an greater prevalence of headaches, bronchial asthma, contact dermatitis (a purple, itchy rash brought about by immediate speak to with a substance or an allergic reaction to it as a outcome of sensitization) and quite possibly most cancers.

It is critical to notice that some men and women are quite sensitive to formaldehyde, while other folks have no response to the similar amount of publicity. If you are sensitive to formaldehyde, you must not use this type of merchandise.

Methods to Choose If You’re Imagining of Employing Hair Smoothing Products 

  1. Really do not do it by yourself. Really don’t implement them on your own at home. Go to a certified hair experienced in a salon. Hair experts should really be educated to get precautions these as wearing gloves and security glasses, as very well as producing positive that there is good ventilation when making use of hair smoothing products. For additional info, please pay a visit to OSHA Hair Salons: Information about Formaldehyde in Hair Products.
  2. Go through the listing of components. Though the Food and drug administration discourages customers from obtaining these solutions for dwelling use, if you are considering paying for a product from a retail store or on-line to implement by yourself, examine the required record of substances. If there isn’t a person, do not get the products. If the hair smoothing product or service lists one particular of these component names on the packaging or organization web page: formaldehyde, formalin, or methylene glycol, then it indicates the solution consists of formaldehyde or will release formaldehyde. Of note, not all hair smoothing solutions consist of formaldehyde, which is why you want to read the label to see what is in the solution. 
  3. You may perhaps also want to question your salon experienced these inquiries: Does the item include formaldehyde? Is there an component record obtainable for this item that I could browse? Would it be feasible for me to review the Protection Information Sheet for this product?  Have you been trained to apply this item, and do you know the important safeguards to reduce publicity to formaldehyde? May well I see your teaching certificate from the maker and the instructions for product or service use? Does the salon have right ventilation? Do you periodically examination the air for adherence to the Occupational Safety and Wellbeing Administration’s restrictions for formaldehyde? Do you have an substitute hair smoothing solution that does not launch formaldehyde when heated?
  4. Report lousy reactions. If you working experience a bad response to a hair smoothing solution, halt making use of the product or service and report your indicators to your health care provider. You can also report your symptom to the Fda by contacting the Customer Criticism Coordinator in your place or by  reporting them on line at MedWatch, the FDA’s safety information and facts and adverse reporting application. You also may possibly call MedWatch at 1-800-332-1088 to request a reporting type by mail.

See a point sheet and an infographic for more information about hair smoothing merchandise and formaldehyde.