Diabetes and Digestion | American Heart Association

Woman looking at yogurt on grocery shelves

Healthful digestion and changing foodstuff into vitality

To understand diabetes, it helps to know how our bodies handle the sugars and electrical power found in our foodstuff and drinks.

  1. Food is damaged down into vitamins and minerals in the digestive process.
  2. Carbohydrates in our foods are broken down and converted to a usable kind of sugar, most generally glucose. Blood circulates this glucose during the system to give power to cells or to retail outlet it as extra fat to use later on. (Excess fat is fundamentally “saved power.”) The physique works by using energy saved in glucose to go, physical exercise, recover, grow and think.
  3. Insulin is essential for the body to use glucose. Cells in the pancreas respond to the better amounts of glucose in the blood by creating insulin. With the aid of insulin, cells during the overall body take up glucose and use it for strength.

In men and women with diabetic issues, this approach can go erroneous in two ways. Possibly:

  1. There isn’t enough insulin. The pancreas is not developing enough insulin to respond to the glucose in the blood and blood sugar concentrations increase, or
  2. Cells are resistant to the insulin. The cells no extended respond to the insulin sign to just take up glucose from the blood and blood sugar ranges increase.

Men and women with diabetes may have the next indications when their blood sugar is very substantial:

  • Confusion
  • Convulsions
  • Dry mouth, dry tongue
  • Fever
  • Amplified thirst
  • Enhanced urination (at the beginning of the syndrome)
  • Lethargy
  • Nausea
  • Weak spot
  • Pounds reduction
  • Coma