April 19, 2024

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What Is The Cause And Treatment Of Eye Discoloration?

4 min read
Why Are the Whites of My Eyes Discolored? - American Academy of  Ophthalmology

Eye discoloration refers to a change in the color of the whites of the eyes or the iris. Various factors, including injury, infection, disease, and certain medications, can cause this. Some common examples of eye discoloration include red eyes, yellow eyes, and dark circles around the eyes. If you have sudden or persistent eye discoloration, it is crucial to consult an eye doctor to determine the cause and appropriate treatment.

What are the Causes of Eye Discoloration?

Injury: injury to the eye or eyelid can cause discoloration or bruising. This can happen from direct impact to the eye, such as getting hit with a ball or being poked in the eye, or from a more severe injury, such as a car accident or fall. The discoloration or bruising can occur on the eyelid or around the eye, and in some cases, it may also affect the whites of the eyes or the iris. It is essential to seek medical attention if you have an eye injury, as even a mild injury can cause severe damage to the eye.

Infections: infections such as conjunctivitis (pink eye) and blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids) can cause redness and discoloration of the eyes.

Conjunctivitis is an infection of the conjunctiva, the clear membrane covering the eyes’ whites and the eyelids’ inside. It can be caused by a virus, bacteria, or an allergic reaction, characterized by red, swollen eyes and a discharge that can make the eyes feel sticky.

Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids, which a bacterial infection, dandruff, or an allergic reaction can cause. It is characterized by red, swollen eyelids and flaking of the skin on the eyelids. It can also cause itching, burning, and a feeling of grittiness in the eyes.

Both infections can cause eye discoloration as a symptom and can be treated with antibiotics, anti-inflammatory or lubricating eye drops. It is essential to consult an eye doctor to diagnose the underlying cause and provide the appropriate treatment.

Diseases: Certain medical conditions can cause yellow discoloration of the whites of the eyes. One example is jaundice, a condition caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellow pigment that is a byproduct of the breakdown of red blood cells. Various underlying conditions, such as liver disease, cancer, and certain blood disorders, can cause jaundice.

Another example is diabetes, which can cause changes in the blood vessels in the eyes, leading to yellow discoloration. High blood pressure can also cause changes in the blood vessels in the eyes, which can lead to discoloration.

Hemochromatosis, Wilson’s disease, and Hepatitis are diseases that can cause discoloration of the iris. Hemochromatosis is a genetic disorder that causes the body to absorb too much iron, which can lead to discoloration of the iris. Wilson’s disease is a genetic disorder that causes the body to retain too much copper, which can lead to discoloration of the iris. Hepatitis can cause jaundice and discoloration of the iris.

Allergies: allergies can also cause redness and itching of the eyes, which can lead to discoloration. Allergic reactions occur when the body’s immune system overreacts to a substance, such as pollen, dust, or animal dander, that it perceives as harmful. Eye allergies, also known as allergic conjunctivitis, can cause red, itchy, and watery eyes and swollen eyelids. These symptoms can also cause discoloration in the eyes.

Allergic reactions can be seasonal or perennial, meaning they can happen all year round. Some common allergens that can cause eye allergies include pollen, dust mites, animal dander, and mold.

What is the Best Treatment for Eye Discoloration?

The best treatment for eye discoloration will depend on the underlying cause of the discoloration. Some common treatments for eye discoloration include:

Medications: Antibiotics, anti-inflammatory and lubricating eye drops can be prescribed to treat eye infections, such as conjunctivitis or blepharitis.

Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be required to repair an eye injury or remove a growth or tumor causing discoloration.

Lifestyle changes: Making changes to your diet, exercise routine, and overall health can help to improve discoloration caused by certain medical conditions, such as jaundice or diabetes.

Allergy treatment: Antihistamines, decongestant eye drops, and corticosteroid eye drops can relieve eye allergy symptoms.

Treatment for underlying disease: Treating the underlying disease can help to improve the discoloration caused by certain conditions, such as Hemochromatosis, Wilson’s disease, and Hepatitis.

Finally, it’s important to note that eye discoloration can be a symptom of many other underlying conditions. If you have sudden or persistent eye discoloration, it is crucial to consult an eye doctor to determine the cause and appropriate treatment.

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